Reconstucted Homo naledi skull made from casts taken from two different specimens as no complete skulls of this species have been found. Homo naledi is an extinct hominin, first identified in 2013, that lived in Sterkfontein area of South Africa. The cranial capacity of the skull is between 465 and 560 cm3, roughly one third that of modern humans. During September and October 2015, this reconstruction was part of the Naledi Fossil Exhibition on public display at the Maropeng Visitor Centre, Cradle of Humankind site (close to where it was found). The whole collection is now in the safgekeeping of the University of the Witwatersrand. Author: Martinvl. Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.
Replica crania of (left to right) Homo habilis (KNM-ER 1813, Koobi Fora, Kenya ∼1.8 million years old), an early Homo erectus (D2700, Dmanisi, Georgia ∼1.8 million years old) and Homo floresiensis (Liang Bua 1, Indonesia ∼20,000 years old) are compared with actual fragments of cranial material of Homo naledi that have been overlaid on a virtual reconstruction (far right; note some of the images of H. naledi material have been reversed). Author: Chris Stringer, Natural History Museum, United Kingdom. Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.
LES1 cranium from Homo naledi. Clockwise from upper left: three-quarter, frontal, superior and left lateral views. Fragments of the right temporal, the parietal and the occipital have also been recovered (not pictured), but without conjoins to the reconstructed vault or face. Scale bar = 5 cm. Author: John Hawks, Marina Elliott, Peter Schmid et al. Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.
The Homo naledi facial reconstruction, performed with the coherent anatomical deformation technique. Author: Cicero Moraes (Arc-Team) et alii. Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.
(a) Palmar (left) and dorsal (right) views of the right hand bones, (b) found in situ in semi-articulation with the palm up and fingers flexed. The palmar surface of the metacarpals (Mc) and dorsal surface of the intermediate phalanges (IP) can be seen. DP, distal phalanx; PP, proximal phalanx. Author: Tracy L. Kivell, Andrew S. Deane, Matthew W. Tocheri, Caley M. Orr, Peter Schmid, John Hawks, Lee R. Berger & Steven E. Churchill. Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.
All elements belong to Foot 1. (a) Dorsal view. (b) Distal view of the cuneiforms and cuboid showing transverse arch reconstruction. (c) Medial view showing the moderate longitudinal arch. Scale is in cm. Author?: W. E. H. Harcourt-Smith, Z. Throckmorton, K. A. Congdon, B. Zipfel, A. S. Deane, M. S. M. Drapeau, S. E. Churchill, L. R. Berger & J. M. DeSilva. Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.