The study looked at workers under "job strain." That's just a fancy way of saying that you 1) have piles of work to do, and 2) feel like you have zero control over your workload, your promotion chances, or the brain-numbing assignments your boss slaps on your desk. The findings: Men who experience job strain have a 29 percent greater chance of developing heart disease than men without these demands. Even guys who had very high workloads were in the clear as long as they felt like they had some control over their fate.
Strain leads to stress, which increases your blood pressure--the number one risk for heart disease--and could lead to a long list of other heart-damaging side effects, researchers explain.
Are you strained? Answer these two questions:
- Do you feel constantly overloaded at work?
- Do you feel like there's jack you can do about it?
But even if you can't control your workload, you can beat the heart-damaging effects of stress. Step 1: Sweat. A lot. A University of Missouri at Columbia study found that 33 minutes of high-intensity exercise helps lower stress levels more than working out at a moderate pace. What's more, the benefits last as long as 90 minutes afterward. For a fast-paced, muscle-building, fat-torching workout that's like nothing you've ever seen before, check out Speed Shred from Men's Health DeltaFIT. The eight follow-along DVDs will change your life, one 30-minute workout at a time.
Steps 2 through 15: These easy tips to turn your workplace into a palace of zen.
Take Your Calls Standing Up
Here's what happens when you flick on your iMac: "Your breathing rate goes up 30 percent, your blinking rate goes way down, and you tend to tighten your arms and shoulders without knowing it," says Erik Peper, Ph.D., of the Institute for Holistic Healing at San Francisco State University. Your remedy: Change your body position every half hour or so--simply standing while talking on the phone can improve bloodflow and ease muscle strain. (Is your office chair killing you? Find out in the Men's Health special report Sentenced to the Chair.)
Each hour, spend a minute perusing a funny blog. Periodic breaks help you process and absorb new information, increasing your efficiency, says Cleveland Clinic psychologist Michael McKee, Ph.D. During your hiatus, take 10-second breaths--inhale 4 seconds, exhale 6--to bolster your heart's ability to recover from stress.
Enforce the Three-Second Rule
The average working professional spends roughly 23 percent of his workday on email and glances at his inbox about 36 times an hour, finds a study from the University of Glasgow. It takes you an average of 64 seconds to return to a task once you've stopped to read a new email, according to another study from Loughborough University. Allow yourself no more than 3 seconds to decide whether a message is worthy of your immediate attention, says John Grohol, Psy.D. (Here's an email you'll look forward to receiving every day: The Men's Health Daily Dose newsletter. It's full of tons of useful stuff!)
Put a Green Dot on Your Phone
This is your secret reminder to take one deep breath before you answer a call, says Susan Siegel, of the Program on Integrative Medicine at the University of North Carolina school of medicine. Not only will you feel better, but you'll sound more confident.
Go to Starbucks--with Your Coworkers
Researchers at the University of Bristol in England discovered that when stressed-out men consumed caffeine by themselves, they remained nervous and jittery. But when anxious men caffeine-loaded as part of a group, their feelings of stress subsided. Just make sure you avoid The 6 Worst Coffee Drinks in America.
Play Pandora at Work
A study in Nature Neuroscience found that listening to favorite tunes or anticipating a certain point in a song can cause a pleasurable flood of dopamine. Listen to a few songs in a row several times a day.
Try the Office Chair Workout
An Australian study published last month found that just 15 minutes of yoga--practiced right from an office chair--can reduce stress. Got a chair? Sitting in it right now? Great--try The Office Chair Workout.
Be Fashionably Late to Happy Hour
If you're looking forward to unwinding after a grueling work week with a cold brew, hold off on happy hour for 30 minutes: Drinking while stressed out actually prolongs your anxiety--even when you limit yourself to two--according to a study at the University of Chicago. The easy fix: Tell the crew you need to run errands before hitting the bar. Then take a quick walk, browse Best Buy's new releases, or flip to SportsCenter to check the scores.
Grab Your Ears
Tug your lobes (lightly) and move them in circles in opposite directions for a count of 10, advises massage therapist Elizabeth Cornell. The motion moves the tentorium membrane in your head, which can relieve stress. You'll also be in fighting shape for charades.
Take the Scenic Route
If it doesn't add much time to your commute, drive on roads with more trees and grass--natural scenes decrease feelings of anger and frustration on the road, according to a study in the journal Environment and Behavior. Not an option? Put on your favorite band's new album. Drivers who faced frustrating and irritating congestion felt less stressed when listening to music they enjoyed, according to a study in the Journal of Applied Psychology.
Put a Hole in a Tennis Ball and Squeeze
Let the tension build up in your hand and the rest of your body, then release. This increases relaxation, says Allen Elkin, Ph.D., director of the Stress Management and Counseling Center in New York City. Tennis balls are those yellowy things people hit around in the '70s and '80s.
Hold Your Tongue
When your annoying colleague decides to be annoying once again, tell yourself, I choose to be calm, says Siegel. Ah, now it's a choice, and you choose to be master and commander of the ship.
Make a Schedule
If the boss suddenly dumps a big project on you, try not to say, "I can't do this. I'm gonna get fired." (Try particularly not to say this in front of your boss.) Instead, present him with a schedule outlining when things can be done. What was overwhelming is now under control and open to negotiation, says James Blumenthal, Ph.D., a psychologist at Duke University.
Laugh It Off
Think your job is stressful? Try taking a gig as a New York City firefighter. One study found that every time a fire alarm bell rings, a firefighter's heart rate jumps up to 150 beats per minute--about the same rate as a moderate jog. Firefighter Matt Long says his fire station received between 4,000 and 5,000 calls like that each year. "After a bad day, we deal with things through laughter," Long says. To land the perfect practical joke, make sure you know the person well, always help clean up, and be ready to have your target prank you back.
Pop This Pill
Frazzled medical students fed an omega-3 supplement for 12 weeks saw a 20 percent drop in stress compared to their placebo-taking peers, Ohio State University research shows. Click here for the 10 Best Supplements for Men.
Do you feel your blood pressure going down already?
Additional writing and research by Steve Calechman, Kate Dailey, Paige Greenfield, Cindy Kuzma, Eddie Robbins, Amy Rushlow, and Denny Watkins.